Short-toed Lark

Calandrella brachydactyla

[Greater Short-toed Lark] (p.155)

All new records

2008

New record

19 May – One along the main track at the North End, between John O’Groats and the head of Gannets’ Combe (T.J. Davis, J.R. Diamond, T.A. Jones et al.). Record accepted by DBRC; the 17th occurrence on Lundy.

2012

New records

8 May – One in the open area immediately seaward of Quarry Cottages was seen well but flew down over the sidelands and out of sight when disturbed by a Wheatear (Ian Searle).

1 Jun to 6 Jul – Two feeding together on the main track at Halfway Wall on the evening of 1 Jun (Chris & Carol Baillie) were seen the following day by many observers and both remained in the same area until 12 Jun; this is the first time that two have occurred together on the island. Thereafter, only one was seen, on 13, 14, 27 & 29 Jun and 6 Jul (many observers; photographed by Paul & Mike Hopes on 6 Jul).

12 & 13 Sep – One in the stonecrusher area of the Tent Field on 12 & 13 Sep (Richard Taylor & Tony Taylor; photographed on 12th by Michaela Cozens) seems likely to have been different from the summer individuals (and treated by DBRC as such), though indications are that the bird was in active moult, which would lend weight to the possibility that one had remained undetected on the island for two months.

Records accepted by DBRC; the 18th to 20th occurrences on the island.

2013

New record

23 Oct – One near Quarter Wall (Richard Campey). Record accepted by DBRC; the 21st for Lundy.

2014

New record – subject to acceptance by DBRC

18 May – One was seen and photographed near Quarter Wall during the Devon Birds day trip (Phil Abbott, Jon Turner et al.). Photo © Phil Abbott.

 

Woodlark

Lullula arborea

[Wood Lark] (p.155)

All new records

2007

New record

20 Oct – One was heard calling in flight over Castle Hill, during a morning of strong southward diurnal finch and thrush passage (T. Davis, J. Diamond, T. Jones, I. Lakin, K. Rylands). Record accepted by Devon Bird Recorder. This is the first record since 1998 and only the 13th occurrence since 1960.

2009

New record

22 Oct – One was seen and heard calling in flight over Millcombe during the late morning (Richard Taylor). Record accepted by Devon Bird Recorder.

Skylark

Alauda arvensis

[Sky Lark] (pp. 156–158)

Selected new records

2012

New record

12 Feb – About ten were apparently already on breeding territories in scattered ones and twos, while a flock of 45 was present on the Airfield. Interestingly, a significant number of birds within the flock were singing for extended periods from the ground (Tony Taylor).

 

Photo: Skylark in South West Field, 24 Apr 2014 © Richard Campey

Shore Lark

Eremophila alpestris

[Horned Lark] (p.158)

All new records

2014

New record – subject to acceptance by DBRC

12 Jun – A male in breeding plumage was watched for about 45 minutes at North End as it perched on rocks, fed on the ground and sub-sang in the area between the top of the steps down to North Light and John O’Groats (Tim Davis & Tim Jones). Record subject to acceptance by DBRC. There have been only six previous Lundy records of Shore Lark, the last of these dating back to 22 May 1992. It is striking that four of the six have been in May or Jun, given that this is usually thought of as a wintering species in Britain.

Sand Martin

Riparia riparia

pp.158–159)

Selected new records

Earliest and latest since 2006 (last year covered in full by The Birds of Lundy): Earliest 11 Mar 2007; Latest 3 Nov 2009 (the latest ever for the island, beating by a day the previous latest record of one on 2 Nov 1978).

2008

New record

16 Apr – 1,000 were estimated to have passed through the island – the highest spring count on record (the previous peak being 800 on 12 Apr 1982 and 20 Apr 1992).

2009

New record

2 & 3 Nov – The last of the year, a single bird, was the latest ever recorded on Lundy (see above).

2012

Spring passage

Birds were still passing through at the end of May and into early Jun, perhaps reflecting difficult weather conditions en route, with counts still reaching double digits on 26, 30 & 31 May.

Swallow

Riparia riparia

[Barn Swallow] (pp.159–160)

Selected new records

Earliest and latest since 2006 (last year covered in full by The Birds of Lundy): Earliest 11 Mar 2007 (three); Latest 15 Nov 2010 (one).

2008

New record

26 Apr – An estimated 5,000 passed through the island – the second-highest one-day total on record for spring migration (counts reached this figure on three dates in April and May 2004, while 6,000 were estimated on 26 April 2005). Other exceptional one-day estimates during 2008 spring passage included 3,000 on 16 & 27 April and 20 May.

2009

New record

22 Apr – A record (for both spring and autumn migration) of an estimated 15,000 passed through.

Breeding

With nests in at least four different locations, 2009 was the best year on record in terms of the number of breeding pairs, though the often wet and windy weather from Jul to Sep may have suppressed the number of young fledged successfully due to starvation and/or chilling.

2010

New record

15 Nov – One on this date was unusually late, though still some way off being the latest ever recorded (3 Dec 1978).

2011

New record

12 Mar – 20 on this date were the second earliest spring migrants on record (the earliest being on 11 Mar in both 2000 and 2007).

Breeding

9 Jul – A nest was located at the southern end of Government House (a new site) on 9 Jul (L. Jaggard).

2012

New record

1 May – A colossal 15,000 estimated (equalling the record set in Apr 2009), based on spot counts, averaging 100 birds per minute passing over St John’s Valley between 11:00 and 13:00 hrs, with movements continuing until 18:00 hrs (Colin McShane).

2013

Delayed spring passage

Numbers in Apr/May were quite low in comparison with recent years; presumably a reflection of the cold, late spring in 2013. The fact that as many as 417 were still moving north on the late date of 5 Jun strongly suggests that migration was significantly delayed.

 

Ringing

Ringing control: A first-year Swallow ringed on Lundy on 27 Sep 2009, during a day of strong visible migration, with an estimated 5,000 passing through the island, was controlled 374 km away, at Icklesham, East Sussex, just three days later (30 Sep). Ring number X984589.

Ringing control: A first-year Swallow ringed on Lundy on 4 Oct 2011 was controlled at a roost site near St Saviour Hospital, Jersey, Channel Islands, on 12 Oct 2011; a distance of 287 km in eight days. Ring number L954436.

Ringing control: A first-year Swallow ringed on Lundy on 21 Sep 2012 was controlled at Forninhos, Odemira, Beja, Portugal, on 17 Oct 2012; a distance of 1,543 km in 26 days. Remarkably, given how many have been found in Spain, this was the first British-ringed Swallow to have been controlled in Portugal. Ring number Y705778.

Ringing control: An adult Swallow ringed on Lundy on 22 Apr 2009 was controlled at Estanca Escoron, Ejea de Los Caballeros, Zaragoza, Spain, on 30 Sep 2011; a distance of 1,049 km from Lundy, some 891 days since it was ringed, and during what would have been at least its fourth south-bound autumn migration. Ring number X226968.

Ringing recovery: A first-year Swallow ringed on Lundy on 11 Oct 2009 was found dead in the Oleh region of Nigeria, on 6 Mar 2013; a distance of 5,188 km from Lundy, 1,242 days after it was ringed, and probably in a spring staging area feeding up for what would have been its eighth trans-Saharan flight and its fourth breeding season in Europe. Ring number L026271.

House Martin

Delichon urbicum

[Common House Martin] (p.161)

Selected new records

Earliest and latest since 2006 (last year covered in full by The Birds of Lundy): Earliest 17 Mar 2012 (one); Latest 7 Nov 2009 (one).

2008

New record

20 May – An exceptional passage saw an estimated 3,600 passing through - a record for the island; the previous highest daily count was 1,500 on 13th May 2004.

2010

New record

16 Sep – A count of 800 was the second highest autumn count on record (after 1,000 on 3 & 4 Oct 2005).

2013

Delayed spring passage

As for other hirundines, spring migration was delayed by unusually cold weather, with none recorded until 6 Apr when one was seen near North Light. Numbers were low throughout the rest of Apr and most of May. The lateness of the season was confirmed when 40 flew north on 28 May, followed by the spring passage peak of 170 on 5 Jun.

Red-rumped Swallow

Cecropis daurica

(p.161)

All new records

2007

New record

19 May – One along the East Side (M. Clements). This constitutes the eighth Lundy record and the fourth in spring. Record accepted by DBRC.

2012

New record

3 May – While bird ringers were mist-netting migrant ‘common’ or Barn Swallows, a Red-rumped Swallow appeared and perched (appropriately enough) on bramble bushes along the main track outside Brambles, allowing many photos to be taken. The bird departed, as suddenly as it had arrived, with a passing group of Barn Swallows (Dave Clifton, Derren Fox, Scott Petrek et al.). Record accepted by DBRC – the ninth Lundy record and the fifth in spring. Photo © Derren Fox.

Cetti’s Warbler

Cettia cetti

(p. 195)

Selected new records

 2009

New record

22 Oct – One seen by the Terrace Trap (A. Jayne) was later trapped, ringed and photographed (R. Taylor). This is only the third occurrence of this species on Lundy following singles in 2003 and 2006, both also in the second half of Oct.

Long-tailed Tit

Aegithalos caudatus

[Long-tailed Bushtit] (pp.225–226)

All new records

2008

New record

12 Nov to 27 Dec – Eight arrived on 12 Nov, with sightings on a further six days up to and including 19 Nov, involving from three to seven individuals. In Dec, three were seen on 24th and two on 27th.

2009

New record

1 Jan to 15 Mar – The two birds remaining at the end of 2008 were seen on six dates in Jan, mainly in Millcombe, but also around the Campsite on one occasion. They were together in Quarter Wall Copse on 3 Feb, after which one was seen in apparently poor condition attempting to feed on the ground in freezing rain at the top of Millcombe on 5th. Thereafter, one was in Millcombe on 15 Feb, but two were reported again on 21st. Finally, one was in Millcombe on 14 & 15 Mar. This is the first time that Long-tailed Tits are known to have overwintered on Lundy, though there have been two previous one-day midwinter records, in Dec 1995 and Jan 1984.

2010

New record

20 & 27 Nov – Seven on 20th and three in brambles outside Pig’s Paradise/Quarters on 27th

2012

New record

28 Oct – One in Millcombe (Tim Jones et al.).

Yellow-browed Warbler

Phylloscopus inornatus

(pp.210–211)

All new records

 

Correction p. 210, third paragraph, fifth line: 2006 is quoted as one of the years in which Yellow-browed Warbler was recorded on 16 September. Owing to the lack of an adequate supporting description, the logbook entry for one seen on 16 September 2006 was not accepted by LFS/DBRC. It was therefore excluded from the listing on p.211 and the reference on p.210 should also have been deleted.

2007

New records

8 to 18 Oct – Recorded daily with a record maximum count of at least eight different individuals present on 13th, the highest one-day count ever recorded on Lundy. Birds were seen in Millcombe, St Helen's Copse, Quarter Wall Copse and the willow clump growing in the small quarry between VC Quarry and the Terrace Trap. The eight birds recorded on 13th were all in Millcombe (multiple observers including C. Baillie, T. Bedford, R. Campey, A.L. Cooper, S.L. Cooper, T. Davis, J. Diamond, T. Jones, I. Lakin, J.W. Leonard, R.M Patient and K. Rylands). Records accepted by DBRC. 2007 was the fifth consecutive autumn for this species on Lundy.

2008

New records

28 Sep to 29 Oct – Another very good year; recorded on 14 days, with a maximum of at least five and probably up to eight present on 17 Oct. Ten different birds were trapped and ringed during the autumn and it is likely that at least 20 different individuals passed through the island. As usual, most were seen in Millcombe/St John's Valley, but others were near Gannets' Combe, along the Terrace/Quarries and in St Helen's Combe. These records, contributed by many observers, have been accepted by DBRC. 2008 was the sixth consecutive autumn for this species on Lundy.

2009

New records

19 Sep to 30 Oct – At least nine (and possibly up to 12) different individuals occurred: one in Millcombe, 19 Sep (I. Lakin); one in Millcombe, 2 Oct (T. Jones et al.); one trapped and ringed in Millcombe, 13 Oct (T. Ball); one trapped and ringed below Brambles, 15 Oct (T. Ball), with perhaps the same bird seen on 16 Oct (J. Leonard); one trapped and ringed in Millcombe, 18 Oct (R. Taylor, A.M. Taylor); one on the Terrace early morning of 23 Oct (C. Baillie), with what was presumed to be the same bird trapped and ringed in Millcombe that afternoon (A.M. Taylor); one ringed in Millcombe 2pm on 26 Oct (R. Duncan, R. Taylor et al.), with another unringed bird seen on the Terrace mid-afternoon that day (A. Jayne); one in Millcombe on 27 Oct may have been the individual ringed on 26th (R. Bower); one ringed in lower St John’s Valley on 30 Oct (R. Duncan, T. Palmer, A.M. Taylor). Records acccepted by Devon Bird Recorder.

2010

New records

2 to 22 Oct – Singles in Millcombe 2, 3 & 5 Oct (T. Jones et al.). Two caught, ringed and photographed in Millcombe on 12 Oct (T. Ball et al.). One seen on the Terrace on 18 Oct. One trapped, ringed and photographed in Millcombe on 22 Oct (Tony Taylor et al.). Records accepted by Devon Bird Recorder.

2011

New records

3 to 31 Oct – One in St. Helen’s Copse on 3 Oct. One in St. Helen’s Copse and another in Millcombe on 4 Oct. One in Millcombe on 8 Oct. (All above records T. Bedford, R. Campey, T. Davis, J. Diamond and T. Jones). One on the Terrace on 12 Oct (J. Sanders). One trapped and ringed in Millcombe on 15 Oct (T. Ball et al.). One in bracken above Quarter Wall Copse on 21 Oct (L. Phillips, A. Watts). One in Millcombe on 30 & 31 Oct (A. Jayne). Records accepted by Devon Bird Recorder.

2012

New records

26 Sep to 14 Oct – One trapped, ringed and photographed, Millcombe, 26 Sep (Derek Baggott, Andy Turner). On 7 Oct, one trapped, ringed and photographed, Millcombe (Tim Ball et al.) and one at North Light (around the solar panels) (Arfon Williams). Three all morning in St Helen’s Copse, with one briefly in Millcombe on 12 Oct (Ivan Lakin & Kevin Rylands). Five trapped and ringed, four of which were photographed, Millcombe, 14 Oct (Tony Taylor et al.) – the highest number ever ringed in one day on Lundy. Records accepted by Devon Bird Recorder.

Photo: Yellow-browed Warbler trapped in Millcombe, 14 Oct 2012 © Richard Taylor

2013

New records

15 Oct to 16 Nov – During the latter part of Oct, singles were recorded as follows: Millcombe on 15th (M. Davis); Quarter Wall Copse on 23rd (Richard Campey); upper Millcombe and by the main track at Quarter Wall on 25th (Tom Bedford, James Diamond); and Millcombe on 28th (Tim Davis). One, mist-netted in Millcombe, was ringed on 16 Nov (Richard & Rebecca Taylor), the latest date this species has ever been recorded on the island. Records accepted by Devon Bird Recorder.

2014

New records – subject to acceptance by DBRC

21 Sep to 30 Oct – Singles were in Millcombe on 21 Sep (Andy Jayne) and in the clump of willows next to the Terrace Heligoland Trap on 25 Sep (Kathy Evans). One in St Helen’s Copse on 5 Oct seems likely to have been the bird trapped and ringed in Millcombe the following day (Luke Philips, Tony John & Tony Taylor). One in Millcombe on 28 Oct (James Diamond et al.), with a second bird on the Terrace (Chris Baillie). Five in Millcombe on 29 Oct, of which three were trapped and ringed (Rob Duncan et al.). One of the ringed birds was still present in Millcombe on 30th (Justin Zantboer). Photo below of bird trapped in Millcombe on 6 Oct 2014 © Tony Taylor.

Photo: Yellow-browed Warbler trapped in Millcombe, 6 Oct 2014 © Tony Taylor.

 

Information for observers: With effect from 2009 Devon Birds Records Committee (DBRC) no longer required full descriptions of Yellow-browed Warblers. However, supporting notes must still be sufficient to show that possible confusion with other Phylloscopus species has been ruled out, especially for birds seen outside the typical Sep/Oct season for Yellow-broweds. It will help the Lundy Bird Recorders in assessing island records, and in liaising with DBRC, if all observers and ringers would be disciplined in entering brief notes in the LFS Logbook whenever Yellow-browed Warblers are seen or trapped. These should cover: date, location, number of birds present, name(s) of observer(s), a contact email address and a few lines (and/or photo) to show that potential ‘confusion species’ have been eliminated.

Western Bonelli’s Warbler

Phylloscopus bonelli

(p.212)

All new records

2010

New record

4 Sep – One trapped, ringed and photographed on the Terrace (R. Taylor, A.M. Taylor). Record accepted by BBRC – the second accepted occurrence of this species on Lundy. Photo © Tony Taylor.

2007

Report assessed as ‘not proven’

14 Sep – A record of one watched for about half-an-hour in lower Millcombe was assessed by BBRC as ‘not proven’.

Wood Warbler

Phylloscopus sibilatrix

(p.213)

Selected new records

Earliest and latest since 2006 (last year covered in full by The Birds of Lundy): Earliest 16 Apr 2011 (one); Latest 17 Sep 2009 (one).

2007

New record

1 Jul – One reported in the LFS logbook, but no details were provided. While the species itself is not rare on Lundy, this would constitute the earliest ‘autumn’ sighting by more than a fortnight. There is a risk that less experienced observers might confuse juvenile (typically very yellow) Willow Warblers, which begin moving through Lundy in July, for this species.

2013

Blank year; the first since 1970

Not recorded during either spring or autumn passage. Though always a scarce migrant on Lundy, 2013 marks the first year since 1970 that Wood Warblers were not recorded at all. This is hopefully just a blip and could reflect gaps in observer coverage at key times. However, it may also reflect the species’ parlous conservation status; the UK breeding population declined by 65% between 1995 and 2010.

2014

Another very poor year

The only spring migrant reported was one feeding in sallows by the Terrace Heligoland Trap on 25 Apr (Richard Campey). There were no autumn records.

Chiffchaff

Phylloscopus collybita

[Common Chiffchaff] (pp.214–215)

Selected new records

Earliest and latest since 2006 (last year covered in full by The Birds of Lundy): Earliest 4 Mar 2013 (one); Latest 19 Nov 2009 (two). Excludes presumed wintering birds seen 22–24 Dec 2008, 29 Dec 2010 and 1–6 Feb 2011, and 27 Dec 2012.

 

Photo: Chiffchaff on Lundy, Oct 2013 © Richard Campey

2007

New records

13 Apr - one in Millcombe showed characteristics of the Fennoscandian race P. c. abietinus (A. Jayne). Record accepted by DBRC.

1 Nov - one in Millcombe showed characteristics of the Fennoscandian race P. c. abietinus (A. Jayne). Record subject to acceptance by DBRC.

2008

New record

12 to 22 Oct – Single birds showing characteristics of the Fennoscandian race P. c. abietinus were seen in Gannets' Combe on 12 Oct (A.L. Cooper) and along the East Side between Quarter Wall Copse and St Helen's Copse from 19 to 21 Oct (C.A. Holt et al.), with at least two birds present in the same area from 22-24 Oct (T. Bedford et al.). One showing characteristics of the Siberian race P. c. tristis was also seen along the East Side on 21 & 22 Oct (C.A. Holt, K. Rylands et al.). Details of the latter bird have been submitted to BBRC, which is conducting a review of the status of P. c. tristis in Britain.

2010

Breeding

A pair was seen carrying food in Millcombe on 30 May and singing males were holding territory in the Beach Road copse below Hanmers, Millcombe, St Helen’s Copse and Quarter Wall Copse during the first week of Jun. A pair was also seen carrying nesting material in Millcombe. Adults were seen feeding young in Lower Millcombe on 15 & 16 Jul. This is the first record of confirmed breeding since 1994, but it is thought that other breeding attempts during the intervening years may have been missed due to low observer coverage in summer.

2011

New record

1 to 6 Feb – What was presumably a single individual, was first reported on 1 Feb, then daily from 4 to 6 Feb – the first Jan or Feb record for the island since 1989.

4 Oct – A major overnight arrival of 300 Chiffchaffs (along with similar numbers of Blackcaps and 100 Goldcrests), constituted one of the highest autumn-passage counts on record for Lundy.

2012

New record

23 Oct – One trapped and ringed in Millcombe, during a period of easterly winds, showed characteristics of one of the eastern races, perhaps P. c. tristis. Shed feathers were retained for DNA and isotope analysis. Initial results indicate that the bird was indeed a ‘Siberian Chiffchaff’ P. c. tristis, but further studies are being conducted.

2013

New record

5 Oct – A fall, coinciding with a major arrival of Goldcrests, Blackcaps and other migrants, brought an exceptional 500+ to the island, of which 49 were ringed.

 

Ringing

Ringing control: A Chiffchaff ringed as an adult on Lundy, on 3 May 2008 (ring no. BCE900) was controlled at Hartland Point, Devon on 5 May 2008 (2 days; 22 km; 151°).

Ringing control: A Chiffchaff ringed as a first-year bird on Lundy, on 18 Sep 2010 (ring no. DER272) was controlled at Cruzihna Field Studies Centre, Mexilhoeira Grande, Algarve, Portugal (51 days; 1,593 km; 192°). This is the second Lundy-ringed Chiffchaff to be found in Portugal in November, but the first from the Algarve region. The timing makes it seem equally likely that the bird was either already in its wintering area or still on autumn migration.

Ringing control: A Chiffchaff ringed as a first-year bird at Nanjizal (near Land’s End), Cornwall on 12 Sep 2010 (ring no. DLX466) was controlled on Lundy on 25 Apr 2013 (956 days; 144 km; 31°).

Ringing control: A Chiffchaff ringed as a first-year bird on Skokholm, Pembrokeshire on 15 Sep 2014 (ring no. EXX834) was controlled on Lundy on 29 Sep 2014 (14 days; 74 km; 145°).

Willow Warbler

Phylloscopus trochilus

(pp.216–217)

Selected new records

Earliest and latest since 2006 (last year covered in full by The Birds of Lundy): Earliest 16 Mar 2013 (one); Latest 7 Nov 2008 (one).

2007

New record

26 Jul – Some 200, mostly juvenile birds, primarily in Millcombe/St John’s Valley and along the East Side.

2009

New record

24 & 27 Aug – Single first-year birds showing the characteristics of P. t. acredula were trapped and ringed in St John’s Valley on 24 Aug and on the Terrace on 27 Aug (John Walshe).

2011

New record

23 & 24 Jul – Autumn passage was underway by the end of Jul, when Andrew Cleave witnessed an impressive fall on 23rd, with birds “along the East Side from Millcombe almost as far as Gannets’ Bay – the numbers had thinned out at that point but there were still birds to be seen flitting through the bracken and feeding amongst rocks. The greatest density was between Millcombe and the Quarries – we did not do a count, but there always seemed to be 10-15 birds in view as we headed north, so the total must have run into hundreds of birds”. Large numbers were still present early the following afternoon, when, during a day trip, many were seen in Millcombe and along the walls between the High Street Gate and Old Light (T. Jones). Note: This paragraph was accidentally duplicated within the 2012 Lundy Bird Report.

2012

New record

8 Apr to 2 May – Large numbers of spring migrants grounded during a month of very unsettled weather. The first real influx brought 40 on 8 Apr. Thereafter, present virtually daily to the end of the month, with counts of 40 or more on a further 14 dates and maxima of 200 on 19th, 250 on 21st & 24th, 1,000 on 26th & 27th and 200 on 28th. In just four days, from 11 to 14 Apr, Chris Dee ringed over 180 Willow Warblers – more than were ringed on Lundy during the whole of 2011 – including the 100,000th bird to be ringed under the auspices of the LFS. High numbers continued into early May, with 500 on 1st and 200 on 2nd.

2013

New record

26 Apr – A fall of 1,000 occurred, of which 110 were ringed.

 

Ringing

Ringing control: A Willow Warbler ringed as a first-year female at Bere Regis, Dorset, on 18 Aug 2007 (ring no. 3Z7473) was controlled on Lundy on 02 May 2008 (258 days; 179 km; 286°).

Ringing control: A Willow Warbler ringed as a first-year bird at Gibraltar Point, Lincolnshire, on 23 Aug 2005 (ring no. BAT291) was controlled on Lundy on 05 May 2008 (986 days; 402 km; 238°).

Ringing control: A Willow Warbler ringed as a first-year female at Portland Bill, Dorset, on 6 Aug 2007 (ring no. CBN108) was controlled on Lundy on 28 Apr 2008 (266 days; 172 km; 295°).

These three movements of birds ringed on the south and east coast during autumn migration and controlled on Lundy during subsequent northward migrations in spring 2008 fit well with the overall pattern of ringing movements to/from Lundy described in The Birds of Lundy.

Ringing control: A Willow Warbler ringed as an adult female at Portland Bill, Dorset, on 20 Apr 2009 (ring no. CKB975) was controlled on Lundy on 24 Apr 2009 (4 days; 172 km; 295°).This is the eighth ringing movement involving Lundy and Portland Bill and the second time a Willow Warbler ringed at Portland Bill when arriving in the UK on spring migration has been trapped a few days later on Lundy.

Ringing control: A Willow Warbler ringed as a first-year bird on Lundy on 16 Sep 2009 (ring no. CVJ608) was controlled at Dunsby, Bourne, Lincolnshire on 3 Sep 2011 (717 days; 348 km; 58°).

Ringing control: A Willow Warbler ringed as an adult on Lundy on 22 Apr 2011 (ring no. DER481) was controlled at Isla Grosa, San Xavier, Murcia, Spain on 7 Apr 2012 (351 days; 1,514 km; 169°).

Ringing control: A Willow Warbler ringed as an adult at Porth Hellick, St Mary’s, Isles of Scilly on 23 Apr 2013 (ring no. ERA078) was controlled on Lundy on 25 Apr 2013 (2 days; 180 km; 40°).

Ringing control: A Willow Warbler ringed as an adult at South Milton Ley, Devon on 9 Apr 2013 (ring no. HBC211) was controlled on Lundy on 12 Apr 2013 (3 days; 116 km; 331°).

Blackcap

Sylvia atricapilla

[Eurasian Blackcap] (pp.201–204)

Selected new records

Earliest and latest since 2006 (last year covered in full by The Birds of Lundy): Earliest 14 Mar 2012 (one); Latest 23 Nov 2011 (one). Excludes presumed wintering birds recorded in late Nov/Dec 2007 and Jan 2008, as well as in mid-Dec 2013.

 

Correction p.203 table (a): the 1st-year bird ringed on Lundy on 20 October 1988 and found in Switzerland in May 1990 was a female, not a male as stated. The original BTO recovery form showed male, but a correction was issued subsequently (Tony Taylor, personal communication).

2007

New record

22 to 27 Dec – A male was seen daily outside Quarters/Pig's Paradise, photographed feeding on a fat-ball on 26 Dec (see photo by Stuart Leavy posted on www.lundybirds.org.uk).

2008

New record

1 Jan – Presumably the same bird as that seen in December was again seen outside the staff accommodation at Quarters/Pig's Paradise.

2011

New record

4 Oct – A major fall of an estimated 300 Blackcaps (together with 300 Chiffchaffs and 100 Goldcrests) occurred on the morning of 4 Oct, the main concentrations being in Millcombe, St Helen’s Copse and along the Terrace, with smaller numbers in all parts of the island that were visited by observers. Seventy were ringed using a small number of mist-nets in Millcombe. The total of 300 is a record for Lundy during either spring or autumn passage, with the next highest count being an estimated 200-300 on 10 Oct 1984. Most of the birds involved in the fall of 2011 were gone by the next day, when only 40 were seen.

2012

New record

26 Apr to 8 May – An unprecedented fall of at least 3,000 occurred on 26 Apr, with 500 on 27th and 200 the following day. Unusually high numbers continued into the first week of May, with counts of 150, 450, 450 and 250 for 1st-4th, but only small numbers after 8th. Unfortunately, the mass grounding on 26 Apr and the other high counts during this period were associated with a prolonged spell of cold, unsettled weather, with frequent strong winds and heavy rain that clearly disrupted normal migration patterns. Some 147 Blackcaps were ringed on 26 Apr alone, contributing to a record annual total of 721 for this species.

Breeding season

On 29 May a singing male was heard in Millcombe and a female with a brood patch was trapped and ringed. Alarm calls were also heard (Tony & Ann Taylor). One was singing at Quarter Wall Copse on 31 May. Efforts to prove breeding during June (19th-21st) proved fruitless, short bursts of song in Millcombe being the only evidence of the species’ continued presence (Tim Davis & Tim Jones). Successful breeding by Blackcaps on Lundy therefore remains to be proven, though further strong circumstantial evidence came in the form of a male, originally ringed in Millcombe in May, being retrapped in active wing moult on 31 Aug (David Price et al.). This individual had almost certainly summered on the island and it seems probable that a breeding attempt was made, given the presence of a female with a brood patch.

2013

New record

5 Oct – A fall of 300+ (of which 75 ringed), coincided with a major arrival of Goldcrests, Chiffchaffs and other migrants.

2014

Breeding season

There was circumstantial evidence of a nesting attempt in Millcombe, where a single singing male was seen and heard regularly around the slope below Brambles in late May and early Jun, and a female seen occasionally in the same area on 9 & 10 Jun. The male was singing only briefly and intermittently, which together with the infrequent appearance of the female, was strongly suggestive of a pair with a nest and eggs. A female was seen in the same area on 6 Jul.

25 Sep – A significant fall grounded 250 autumn migrants (Chris Dee et al.)

 

Ringing:

Ringing recovery: A Blackcap ringed as a second-year female ringed on Lundy on 10 May 2004 (ring no. R873165) was found dead (having hit a window) in Antrim, County Antrim, Northern Ireland, on 19 May 2007 (1,104 days; 411 km; 346°). This is the second Lundy-ringed Blackcap to have been found in Ireland and is likely to have been in its breeding area. The first instance involved a bird found in Co. Cork in the Irish Republic in June 1996.

Ringing control: A Blackcap ringed as a full-grown female ringed on 6 Nov 2007 (Spanish ring no. N678134) at Junta de los Rios, San Roque, Cadiz, Andalucia, Spain (36° 14’N 5° 22’W) was controlled on Lundy on 25 Apr 2008 (171 days; 1,661 km; 2°). This is the second ringing movement of a Blackcap involving Lundy and Spain.

Ringing control: A Blackcap ringed as a first-year female on 16 Sep 2008 (German ring no. 90011969) on Helgoland, Germany (54° 10’N 7° 55’E) was controlled on Lundy on 1 Sep 2008 (15 days; 911 km; 249°). This is the second ringing movement of a Blackcap involving Lundy and Germany, but the first showing such rapid, long-distance movement south-west in autumn.

Ringing control: A Blackcap ringed as a full-grown male on 7 Sep 2009 (Belgian ring no. 11305869) at Rijkevorsel, Antwerp, Belgium (51° 21’N 4° 46’E) was controlled on Lundy on 14 Oct 2009 (37 days; 657 km; 269°). This is the sixth ringing movement of a Blackcap involving Lundy and Belgium.

Ringing control: A Blackcap ringed as a second-year male on 21 Apr 2008 (ring no. V798210) at Braunton, Devon, was controlled on Lundy on 18 Apr 2009 during spring migration a year later (362 days; 37 km; 282°).

Ringing recovery: A Blackcap ringed as a first-year female on Lundy on 16 Oct 2010 (ring no. L556016) was found freshly dead at, Boliqueime, Loulé, Algarve, Portugal (37° 09’N 8° 08’W) on 8 Nov 2010 (21 days; 1,582 km; 190°). This is the first Blackcap movement involving Lundy and Portugal. The bird could already have been in its wintering area, but ma still have been heading further south when it died.

Ringing control: A Blackcap ringed as an adult female on Lundy on 28 Apr 2010 (ring no. L037253) was controlled on 16 Jun 2011 at Cors Ddyga, Llangefni, Anglesey, where it seems likely to have been in its breeding area (414 days; 229 km; 6°).

Ringing control: A Blackcap ringed as a first-year male at Icklesham, Suffolk on 05 Oct 2013 (ring no. D354936) was controlled on Lundy on 05 Sep 2014 (335 days; 374 km; 275°).

Ringing control: A Blackcap ringed as a first-year female at Nanjizal, Land's End, Cornwall on 27 Sep 2014 (ring no. Z350310) was controlled on Lundy on 28 Sep 2014 (1 days; 144 km; 31°).

Garden Warbler

Sylvia borin

(p.204)

Selected new records

Earliest and latest since 2006 (last year covered in full by The Birds of Lundy): Earliest 7 Apr 2007 (one); Latest 4 Nov 2011 (one).

 

Ringing:

Ringing control: A Garden Warbler ringed as a first-year bird on 9 Sep 2009 (ring no. X883597) at Snettisham, on the Norfolk coast of The Wash, was controlled in Millcombe on 18 Sep 2009 (9 days; 397 km; 242°). This is only the second Garden Warbler ringing movement involving Lundy; the first, in Sep 1981, showed a remarkably similar trajectory from Gibraltar Point Bird Observatory, on the Lincolnshire shore of The Wash.

Barred Warbler

Sylvia nisoria

(pp.204–205)

All new records

 

Clarification At least 25 different individuals occurred during the period 1947 to 2006 (first record in this period 1949, last in 2005).

2007 Barred-Warbler-12-Sep-2007-Adrian-Plant

New record

12 Sep – A first-winter bird trapped in St John's Valley (D. Kightley, A. Plant, A.M. Taylor et al.) was the 11th Barred Warbler to be ringed on the island and constituted the fifth Lundy occurrence since 2000. Record accepted by DBRC. Photo © Adrian Plant.

2014

New record – subject to acceptance by DBRC

2 Oct – One was seen briefly on the Terrace (Richard Campey).

Lesser Whitethroat

Sylvia curruca

(pp.205–206)

Selected new records

Earliest and latest since 2006 (last year covered in full by The Birds of Lundy): Earliest 17 Apr 2011 (one); Latest 3 Nov 2009 (one).

2007

New record

1 Nov – One in Millcombe was one of the latest recorded on Lundy in autumn (the latest ever being 19 Nov 1954).

2009

New record

3 Nov – One a little later still.

2010

New record

2 & 3 Jun – A singing male along the East Side was presumably a late migrant as there was no further evidence of territory holding (Lesser Whitethroats were confirmed as having bred successfully in 2002).

2014

New record

30 Oct – One trapped and ringed in Millcombe showed characters of ‘Siberian Lesser Whitethroat’ S. c. blythi (based on wing formula and pattern of white in the tail feathers). Feather samples were taken and sent for DNA analysis to confirm the preliminary identification from examination in the hand (Rob Duncan et al.).

Whitethroat

Sylvia communis

[Common Whitethroat] (pp.205–206)

Selected new records

Earliest and latest since 2006 (last year covered in full by The Birds of Lundy): Earliest 10 Apr 2010 (two); Latest 19 Oct 2009 (one).

 

Whitethroat in Upper Millcombe, 25 Apr 2014 © Richard Campey

2009

Breeding season

Up to two were recorded sporadically in May, Jun & Jul; song was reported from 2-4 Jun and a juvenile was seen in Millcombe on 17 Jul, suggesting that breeding may have occurred on the island.

2010

Breeding season

Jun – A singing male appeared to be holding territory on the Terrace in the first week of Jun but there was no evidence of breeding.

2011

Breeding season

13 Jun – Six were along the East Side, suggesting that territory-holding birds may have been present, and a singing male was heard along the Lower East Side Path on 30 Jun, but no other evidence of breeding.

2012

New record

3 & 4 May – Counts of 50 on both dates were the highest since The Birds of Lundy was published.

 

Ringing

Ringing control: A Whitethroat ringed as an adult female on Lundy on 7 May 2008 (ring no. X226113) was controlled at Land’s End, Cornwall on 10 May 2008 (3 days; 143 km; 212°).

Dartford Warbler

Sylvia undata

(pp.207–208)

All new records

2008

New record

22 Apr – A male seen in St John's Valley constitutes the 7th record for Lundy (the last was in October 2005) and the 3rd in spring (the others were in March 1963 and April 1988).

Subalpine Warbler

Sylvia cantillans

(p.209)

All new records

2007

Update

11, 19 & 20 Apr – The record of a male in Millcombe (A. Jayne, J.W. Leonard et al.) was accepted by DBRC and constitutes the 13th record for Lundy. The sightings are presumed to refer to a single individual, though the possibility that two birds were involved cannot be entirely discounted.

2010

New record

9 Jun – A female, thought to be in its second calendar year, was watched and photographed in the clumps of gorse just west of the main track gate near Quarter Wall Pond on 9 Jun (D. Spittle). Record accepted by DBRC; the 14th occurrence for Lundy.

2011

New record

24 Apr – An apparently adult male of the western race S. c. cantillans was seen at Quarter Wall on 24 Apr (K. Rylands). Record accepted by DBRC; the 15th Lundy Record.

2012

New record

30 May to 2 Jun – Two second calendar-year males were mist-netted (one just outside Brambles, the other in the willow scrub in St John’s Valley) and ringed within a short time of each other during the morning of 30 May (Paul James, Rob Skeates et al.). One was later relocated in Millcombe, on the south side of The Ugly (Chris Baillie et al.) and in the same general area on 1 & 2 Jun (Grant & Michaela Cozens et al.). Records accepted by DBRC; the 16th & 17th records for Lundy.

Male Subalpine Warbler, Millcombe, 30 May 2012 © Paul James

Grasshopper Warbler

Locustella naevia

[Common Grasshopper Warbler] (p.195)

Selected new records

Earliest and latest since 2006 (last year covered in full by The Birds of Lundy): Earliest 11 Apr 2007 (one); Latest 23 Oct 2007 (one trapped and ringed; see below).

2007

New record

23 Oct – One trapped was the latest ever recorded on the island (the previous latest being one on 20 October 1969).

Booted Warbler

Iduna caligata

(no entry in The Birds of Lundy)

Species added to the Lundy List since Birds of Lundy was published in 2007

British vagrant. Breeds across central Eurasia, especially Russia, migrating to winter mainly in South Asia. 128 British records to the end of 2011.

All new records

2013

New record

1 Oct – One, mist-netted in Millcombe, was ringed and photographed (John Haddaway & John Horton); a long overdue first occurrence of this species on Lundy. Record accepted by BBRC.

Photo © John Horton.

2008

Report assessed as not proven

28 Sep – Details of one in the rushes around Pondsbury were submitted to BBRC, but the Committee determined the record as ‘not proven’.

Icterine Warbler

Hippolais icterina

(pp.199–200)

All new records

2008

New record

15 to 20 Sep – A first-winter bird was watched in bracken along the East Side on 15 & 16 Sep, then in Millcombe on 19th & 20th (A. Williams). Record accepted by DBRC – the first for Lundy since Sep 2005.

2013

New record

3 Sep – A first-winter bird was mist-netted in Millcombe (Richard & Rebecca Taylor, Tony Taylor). Record accepted by DBRC.

Melodious Warbler

Hippolais polyglotta

(pp.200–201)

All new records

2010

New record

4 Sep – One seen on the Terrace (A.M. Taylor, R. Taylor). Record accepted by DBRC; the 31st year in which this species has been recorded, but the first since Aug 2005.

2012

New records

10 to 13 Sep – One first seen on the southern side of Millcombe, below Millcombe House, on 10 Sep was trapped and ringed on 13th (Richard Taylor, Tony Taylor).

20 & 21 Sep – A second bird, first seen in upper Millcombe, below Government House, on 20 Sep (Andy Jayne) was trapped and ringed on 21st and was seen again in Millcombe on 22nd (Chris Dee et al.). Records accepted by DBRC.

Melodious Warbler, Millcombe, 21 Sep 2012, © Andy Jayne

Sedge Warbler

Acrocephalus schoenobaenus

(pp.196–198)

Selected new records

Earliest and latest since 2006 (last year covered in full by The Birds of Lundy): Earliest 12 Apr 2007; Latest 24 Oct 2013 (one).

2010

New record

One was singing in Lower Millcombe on 6 Jun and breeding was confirmed when an adult was seen carrying food in St John’s Valley on 17 Jun and an adult female with a brood patch was trapped there on the same day. Fledged young were seen near Brambles on 14 & 16 Jul. The only previous instances of confirmed breeding on Lundy occurred in 1934 and 1935.

2011

New record

Although birds were seen sporadically during the late spring and early summer, there was no reported evidence of breeding behaviour to follow-up on confirmed breeding in St John’s Valley in 2010.

2013

New record

24 Oct – One in Millcombe (Tim Davis) was the latest ever recorded on Lundy.

 

Ringing:

The first two ringing movements detailed below refer to the Spanish- and French-ringed individuals mentioned at the foot of the table on p.198 of The Birds of Lundy.

Ringing control: A Sedge Warbler ringed as an adult on 25 Apr 2007 (Spanish ring no. N364976) at Coria del Rio, Sevilla, Andalucia, Spain (37°17’N, 6°03’E) was controlled on Lundy on 2 May 2007 (7 days; 1,547 km; 5°). This shows rapid movement north during spring migration; from southernmost Spain to Lundy in exactly a week. This is the third movement shown by ringing of a Lundy Sedge Warbler to or from Spain.

Ringing control: A Sedge Warbler ringed as a first-year bird on 13 Aug 2006 (French ring no. 5337496) at Tour aux Moutons, Donges, Loire-Atlantique, France (47°19’N, 2°04’W) was controlled on Lundy on 03 May 2007 (263 days; 468 km; 337°). This is the fifth first-year Sedge Warbler to have been ringed in France in autumn and controlled on Lundy during a subsequent spring migration.

Ringing control: A Sedge Warbler ringed as an adult on Lundy on 22 Apr 2006 (ring no. T930767) was controlled at Laguna de la Nava, Palencia, Castilla y Leon, Spain (42°05’N, 4°45’W) on 6 Apr 2008 (715 days; 1,010 km; 181°). This is the fourth movement shown by ringing of a Lundy Sedge Warbler to or from Spain and the second involving Laguna de la Nava, which is designated as a Ramsar site (wetland of international importance) and as an EU Special Protection Area.

Ringing control: A Sedge Warbler ringed as an adult on 14 Aug 2008 (French ring no. 6034085) at Tour aux Moutons, Donges, Loire-Atlantique, France (47°19’N, 2°04’W) was controlled on Lundy on 20 Apr 2009 (249 days; 468 km; 337°). This is the second adult Sedge Warbler to have been ringed in France in autumn and controlled on Lundy during a subsequent spring migration and shows an almost identical movement to the first-year bird ringed at the same location in Aug 2006 (see above).

Paddyfield Warbler

Acrocephalus agricola

(no entry in The Birds of Lundy)

Species added to the Lundy List since Birds of Lundy was published in 2007

British vagrant. Breeds eastern Europe, Russia, Central Asia and China; winters South Asia. 83 British records to the end of 2011. Not previously recorded on Lundy or in Devon.

All new records

2008

New record

29 Oct – One was watched at close range along the East Side, just north of St Helen's Combe (J. Smith, A. Jayne, R.A. Duncan, T. Palmer, R.J. Taylor). An excellent set of photographs and video clips was taken and the bird was trapped and ringed, when it was aged as an adult. Record accepted by BBRC, constituting the first for Lundy and Devon. Photo © John Smith.

Blyth’s Reed Warbler

Acrocephalus dumetorum

(no entry in The Birds of Lundy)

Species added to the Lundy List since Birds of Lundy was published in 2007

British vagrant. Breeds from eastern Europe, eastward across Russia and Central Asia; winters in South Asia. 129 British records to the end of 2011. Not previously recorded on Lundy or in Devon.

All new records

 2013

New record

3 Oct – One, mist-netted in Millcombe, was ringed and photographed (John Haddaway & John Horton). This is the first record of this species for Lundy and Devon and came hot-on-the-heels of another long-anticipated Lundy ‘first’, Booted Warbler, caught by the same ringing team two days previously. The breeding range of Blyth’s Reed Warbler is expanding westwards and this, together with improved identification criteria and observer awareness, has led to a large increase in the number and frequency of British records in recent years. Record accepted by BBRC. Photo © John Horton.

Marsh Warbler

Acrocephalus palustris

(p.198)

All new records

2014

New record – subject to acceptance by DBRC

3 Jun – One singing from 'Smelly Gully', lower Millcombe (Richard & Rebecca Taylor, Tony & Ann Taylor). If accepted, this would be only the fifth record for Lundy, the last being a singing male near Stoneycroft on 26 May 1997.

Reed Warbler

Acrocephalus scirpaceus

[Eurasian Reed Warbler] (p.199)

Selected new records

Earliest and latest since 2006 (last year covered in full by The Birds of Lundy): Earliest 17 Apr 2014 (one); Latest 25 Oct 2014 (one).

 

Ringing

Ringing control

A Reed Warbler ringed as a first-year bird at Gunwalloe, Cornwall on 22 Aug 2012 (ring no.Y752659) was controlled on Lundy on 17 Apr 2014 (603 days; 133 km; 19°).

 

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